Plus One

Problem

You are given a large integer represented as an integer array digits, where each digits[i] is the ith digit of the integer. The digits are ordered from most significant to least significant in left-to-right order. The large integer does not contain any leading 0’s.

Increment the large integer by one and return the resulting array of digits.

Example 1:

Input: digits = [1,2,3]
Output: [1,2,4]
Explanation: The array represents the integer 123.
Incrementing by one gives 123 + 1 = 124.
Thus, the result should be [1,2,4].

Example 2:

Input: digits = [4,3,2,1]
Output: [4,3,2,2]
Explanation: The array represents the integer 4321.
Incrementing by one gives 4321 + 1 = 4322.
Thus, the result should be [4,3,2,2].

Example 3:

Input: digits = [9]
Output: [1,0]
Explanation: The array represents the integer 9.
Incrementing by one gives 9 + 1 = 10.
Thus, the result should be [1,0].

Constraints:

  • 1 <= digits.length <= 100
  • 0 <= digits[i] <= 9
  • digits does not contain any leading 0’s.

Solution

class Solution {
    public int[] plusOne(int[] digits) {
        var carry = true;

        for (int i = digits.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            if (digits[i] == 9) {
                digits[i] = 0;
            } else {
                digits[i] = digits[i] + 1;
                carry = false;
                break;
            }
        }

        if (carry) {
            // re-alloc array
            var newArr = new int[digits.length + 1];

            for (var i = 1; i < digits.length; i++) {
                newArr[i - 1] = digits[i];
            }

            newArr[0] = 1;
            return newArr;
        } else {
            return digits;
        }
    }
}

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